BJMA KRAV MAGA
Krav Maga is Hebrew for “contact combat” its founder was a Hungarian-Israeli martial artist called Imi Lichenfeld who made use of his training as a boxer and wrestler as a means to defend the Jewish quarter against fascist groups in Czechoslovakia in the mid to late 1930s. In the late 1940s following his migration to Israel, Imi began to provide lessons on combat training to what was to become the IDF or Israeli Defence Forces. He went on to develop a self defence system that became known as Krav Maga.
Krav Maga has a philosophy emphasising simultaneous defence and offence with high levels of aggression, is also been adapted with several different disciplines of the system refined for civilian self defence, security organisations, police and military applications, including focusing on global terrorism awareness.
Krav Maga promotes finishing a fight or confrontation as quickly as possible; attacks are aimed at the most vulnerable parts of the body for maximum effect. Whilst Krav Maga was developed in countries with high internal conflict, including war zones, its principles can still be utilised under Australian conditions to be a most effective system when utilised in the context of the legalities and use of force restrictions under Australian law.
With the global popularity of Krav Maga the effectiveness of the system has begun to be corrupted and watered-down. This distortion has been initiated through the application and inclusion of martial arts techniques by individual instructors which are inconsistent with the basic philosophy and principles of Krav Maga.
The objective of BJMA Krav Maga is to maintain the consistency of its original roots, coupled with the philosophy of continual improvement by redefining tactics to meet environmental specific risks pertinent to Australia and its society.
Krav Maga is not a specific style or art in itself, it was developed much along the lines of Zen Do Kai, i.e. the best of everything in progression. Krav Maga was developed using techniques from many styles but incorporating a base set of principles.
Krav Maga should be taught utilising the following base principles:
- Simultaneous defence and attack, as you defend you attack.
- Skill sets should incorporate natural gross motor movements that flow naturally even under duress. (Simplistic moves that can be performed after fine motor skills have diminished)
- Defences and responses should be transferable to multiple types of attacks. (Empty hand and weapons)
- All techniques use maximum efficiency and effectiveness to neutralise threat as quickly as possible. (Minimum response time, maximum effect)
Instructors should not be introducing new techniques that contradict the Krav Maga core principles; adherence to these base principles maintains the integrity of the system. All techniques under the BJMA Krav Maga (BJKM) are reviewed and endorsed at national level by subject matter experts (SME) that hold the appropriate credentials and qualifications.
In the interests of professional oversight, a Technical Review Committee (TRC) for BJMA Krav Maga has been established. The National BJMA Krav Maga Committee is comprised of a minimum of the two highest graded Krav Maga practitioners within each state and territory of Australia; plus a minimum of the two highest graded from both islands of New Zealand comprising the Australasian BJKM-TRC.
This has the BJKM – TRC having a minimum of sixteen Australian members and four New Zealand representatives – all answerable to the five highest Krav Maga Masters including The Founder, Robert V. Jones, 9th Degree – Tara Miliata.
When Krav Maga training is delivered, it is normally segregated into five distinct training realms, those being:
CIVILIAN : KM#5 (MULTIPLE OFFENDERS)
CIVILIAN : KM#4 (ASSAILANT/S WITH WEAPONS)
SECURITY : KM#3 (LAW ENFORCEMENT)
SECURITY : KM#2 (MILITARY)
- SECURITY : KM#1 (ANTI-TERRORISM AWARENESS)
It is important to note this fact, as even though some skill sets and principles overlap, each discipline has been developed to suit the environment it was intended for.
These environments have conflicting legal implications or restrictions, with very specific threats and risks. Legal context (eg Use of Force) when teaching these disciplines has become an imperative for all BJMA Krav Maga instructors.
BJMA Krav Maga relies heavily on combative drills of hi-intensity and repetition completed under duress; this reality based simulation equips both the student and the instructor with valuable assessment tools to review street preparedness and training effectiveness.
Contemporised training methods should be learner centric and have flexible applications. Class structure should take into account the dynamics and experience of the participants both for the purpose of safety and for effectiveness.
If practicable classes should be segregated between base instruction level and advanced level techniques.
Whilst there is no requirement for specified class formats, once the syllabus is established, certified instructors will structure their classes around the syllabus and in a logical sequence both for continuity on the night and for integration within their training programming.
Some sequences can be recommended within this manual to assist less experienced instructors. Lesson plan templates can also be provided to assist new clubs as they gain confidence and experience in lesson structures.
A typical class should begin with Krav Maga base drills which underpin the instinctive self-protection modes that we are trying to instil into each student. All other defence techniques with simultaneous attacks originate from these base defences. These core skills remain foundational to numerous Krav Maga techniques and must rapidly form part of the muscle memory of students. These basic techniques such as the perceived threat ready stance, 360 degree blocking and cerebellum blocking should be used as the starting warm up for every class.
This ensures that the base whereby every technique originates from, is strong and the appropriate neurological pathways have been developed to ensure sympathetic nervous system response.
If this is used as the start of a class, it will be readily accepted by the student as the norm without creating a negative connotation as to its monotony. In other words the class rhythm should start off in a measured way, gradually gaining momentum and stimulation. Much like a how conflict situation evolves.
With this goal in mind the warm up period for BJMA Krav Maga will endeavour to instil these skills to better equip students as they progress through the techniques of the advancing lessons. The warm up remains just that, and must therefore be delivered at a pace sufficient to raise the heartbeat and warm the muscles.
Certified Instructors of BJMA Krav Maga are required to be of the highest standard to ensure the integrity of the BJMA brand.
Part of the certification process will involve the instructor being tested not only on their physical skill sets, but also their theoretical knowledge of the specific system being taught, its principles and applications.
Our instructors will have the opportunity to be involved in on-going professional development programs that will include high level field first aid, various types of driving skill sets, equipment selection and Risk Assessment capabilities for all environments.
This combined testing ensures consistent and proficient Instruction, and forms part of the professional development program for all instructors teaching any system under BJMA.